A worker works at a furnace

Raw Materials

Raw materials eligible for cover 

The Federal Government considers raw materials to be eligible for cover in principle if there is an overall economic interest in the offtake of the produced raw material (e.g. of a specific quality) by a German offtaker.

Supply shortages of the raw material

  • Germany is highly dependent on imports
  • Price and supplier risks are prevailing and/or may arise in future
  • Existing market structures impede the raw material supply to German offtakers
  • Political interference and/or political measure impede the conclusion of offtake agreements (export restrictions, prohibitive export duties etc.)

Use of raw materials in German industries

  • High importance with regard to the labour market of the Federal Republic of Germany
  • Contribution to a sustainable macroeconomic and/or regional development
  • Strategic importance for the macroeconomic development (e.g. future technologies)

The aforementioned factors give an overview of the criteria, but they do not replace or predetermine the case-by-case decision of the Interministerial Committee, on a project’s eligibility for cover in principle. 

Supported raw material projects in the past five years

In the past five years projects relating to the following raw materials were assessed as eligible for cover in principle:


Metals / Metalloids

  • Ferroniobium
  • Graphite
  • Copper
  • Lithium
  • Magnesium
  • Platinum group metals
  • Rare earths
  • Tungsten

Energy commodities

  • Natural gas
  • Liquefied natural gas (LNG)

Eligibility for cover in principle

Processed raw materials and intermediate products

Since there are often no facilities for processing of unprocessed raw materials (e.g. ore, concentrates) in Germany, processed raw materials and intermediate products have been accepted as eligible for cover on a case-by-case basis. Furthermore, the import of secondary raw materials (raw materials gained by recycling) has also been considered as in principle eligible for cover on a single-case basis.

Concerning the eligibility for cover, the following competence centres for raw materials provide further information about non-listed raw materials:


Since the criteria used as basis for these lists of (raw) materials may deviate from those used by the Federal Government, Euler Hermes should be contacted and an enquiry should be filed in order to receive a reliable indication on the eligibility for cover.

Focus: Energy commodities

The German Federal Government takes into account the current national energy policy in relation to energy commodities. With regard to crude oil, the Federal Government generally assumes that there is an efficient world market and that crude oil regularly does not meet the required criteria to be eligible for cover in principle. Other fossil energy sources with minor importance to the energy supply for Germany (such as LNG) have as of yet not been deemed as eligible for cover in principle.

Do you have any further questions regarding raw materials? 

Please do not hesitate to contact our specialists who will be pleased to assist you with any questions regarding raw materials in connection with Untied Loan Guarantee at any time.

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Julian Greiwe
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Hannes Hagel
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Dr. Hannes Köster
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